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Shillong Agreement Upsc

Although peace talks began almost at the same time as the resistance, they did not yield tangible results. The Naga Hills District of Assam was upgraded in 1963 with the inclusion of part of the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) in Nagaland State. Finally, a breakthrough was made when, in 1975, the government led an NNC faction to sign an agreement known as the Shillong Agreement. As part of this agreement, the NFG/NFA agreed to give up arms and use peaceful methods for the cause of the Naga movement. Almost at the same time as resistance. On 29 June 1947, the governor of Assam, Sir Akbar Hyderi, signed a nine-point agreement with the moderates T Sakhrie and Aliba Imti, which was almost immediately rejected by Phizo. The Naga Hills, a district of Assam, were reclassified in 1963 as a federal state, also adding the Tuensang Tract, which was then part of NEFA. In April of the following year, Jai Prakash Narain, assam Chief Minister Bimala Prasad Chaliha and Rev. Michael Scott launched a peacekeeping mission and certified to the government and NNC that they signed an agreement to suspend operations in September. But the NNC/NFG/NFA continued to give in to violence and, after six rounds of talks, the peace mission was abandoned in 1967 and a massive counter-insurgency operation was launched.

A draft comprehensive consensus regulation, including all substantive issues and jurisdiction, is ready to reach a final agreement. The Indian government is determined to conclude the peace process immediately in order to meet the wishes of the Naga people. The 1975 Shillong Agreement was an agreement signed between the Indian government, the Union government or the central government of India, and the clandestine government of Nagaland, also called the Naga federal government or the Naga guerrillas or the Naga rebels, to accept the supremacy of the Indian Constitution unconditionally, give up arms and renounce its request for secession from Nagaland of India. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] Many Nagas, who were not reconciled to be part of the Indian State Union, condemned the agreement that ultimately spawned splitsism among the rebels. When negotiations began before the agreement was signed, it was said that Isak Chishi Swu, then vice-president of the NNC, and Thuingaleng Muivah, then secretary general of the NNC, were on their way back from China and Burma-Naga, where they established their base. Some critics also point out that Phizo, then president of the NNC and exiled to London since 1956, neither supported the agreement nor renounced the agreement; His younger brother Kevi Yalley, however, represented clandestine organizations and signed Shillong Accord. It is also accepted that Isak and Muivah both did their best to convince some of their colleagues, in particular Mr Phizo, to condemn the agreement, including sending a seven-person delegation to ask Phizo to immediately condemn the Shillong agreement; But it seems that Phizo remained silent and that his voice was not heard. [4] [5] [6] A group of NNC members led by Thuingaleng Muivah refused to accept the agreement and founded in 1980 with S.

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