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Air Service Agreement Indonesia

EU and Indonesia agree on horizontal air transport agreement [IP/09/1236, 17/08/2009] Section I The airline designated by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia is authorized to operate air services in both directions on the line listed in this section and to land at the designated location for air transport on the territory of India: as a large country that spans three zones, Indonesia has a large airspace. However, Indonesia is not a party to the International Air Traffic Transit Agreement (IASTA), which is why both Indonesian airspace and airports are closed for the freedom of the air of foreign airlines, unless bilateral transit agreements have been negotiated with other countries. Indonesia and Australia, for example, signed a bilateral air transport agreement on February 7, 2013. Under this agreement, each nation grants the other party the right to fly over its territory without landing and the right to be snatched from its territory for unrestricted purposes (1st and 2nd freedom), as well as the rights of the designated airlines to provide services. [14] In the early years of the Indonesian Republic, Garuda Indonesia dominated the country`s air traffic and connected the major cities of the archipelago. In 1956, Garuda Indonesia made its first flight from Hajj to Mecca with Convair aircraft with 40 Indonesian pilgrims. In 1963, the airline launched flights to Hong Kong. In the mid-1960s, the airline took over its first Douglas DC-8 and expanded beyond the Asian market and launched scheduled flights to Amsterdam and Frankfurt via Colombo, Bombay and Prague. Rome and Paris have become the airline`s third and fourth European destination, with flights stopping in Bombay and Cairo to refuel. In the same year, flights to the People`s Republic of China with connections to Canton via Phnom Penh began. [24] The Koninklijke Nederlandsch-Indian Luchtvaart Maatschappij (KNILM) – the airline of the former Dutch East India – was founded on 16 July 1928. [20] The first regular operation was from 1 November 1928 between Batavia – Bandung and Batavia – Semarang.

The opening ceremony took place at Cililitan airport in Batavia (now Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport). The Batavia Semarang flight was then extended to Surabaya. Gradually, services were extended to other islands of the archipelago, namely Palembang and Medan in Sumatra, Balikpapan and Tarakan in Kalimantan and Denpasar in Bali. Just before the Pacific War, KNILM also created a network east of the East India archipelago that served cities like Ambon. To this end, amphibious aircraft such as the Sikorsky S-42 and S-43 and Grumman G-21 seaplanes were used due to the lack of airstrips in the area. [21] The Indian government and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, the parties to the International Civil Aviation Convention, which were signed in Chicago on The Seventh December 1944, and IN DEM BEEben, to conclude a complementary agreement to this convention, In 1969, Indonesian private air service began to develop with the creation of Mandala Airlines, followed by Bouraq in 1970 [26]. These two companies competed directly with the state-owned companies Garuda Indonesia and Merspatisantara and survived until the 2000s.

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